From: Cardenas, Maria Rosa [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
Sent: Friday, May 06, 2005 11:47 AM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: [unesco-waterportal-en] WATER USE: UNESCO WATER PORTAL WEEKLY UPDATE No. 92
UNESCO WATER PORTAL WEEKLY UPDATE No. 92: WATER USE
6 May 2005
The UNESCO Water Portal Weekly Update archives (starting at issue N° 85) are available online at: http://www.unesco.org/water/news/newsletter/index.shtml
Visit the UNESCO Water Portal at:
PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO WATER USE
Best Ethical Practice in Water Use
By Claudine Brelet and John Selborne. © UNESCO 2004
This publication focuses on the ethics of freshwater use, viewing water as a common good for humankind. It states that the following basic principles must be respected: human dignity, participation, solidarity, human equality, common good, stewardship, universal access to information, inclusiveness respecting the interest of all, empowerment of the users.
Through 5 examples, this booklet tries to illustrate the necessity of respecting human rights and basic liberties and promoting new ethical practices, and the fair management of water resources in an interdependent world. The focal points of these practices are: Human dignity, Empowerment of the communities and cultural diversity.
Five examples insist on policy, access between and across generations and responsibility:
"The Story of Lake Biwa: how Japan is mastering the interaction of nature with humankind", "Lessons from South Africa: a new legacy framework for local governance's good practice", "Forests sustain water: traditional assets for sustainable development in the Philippines", "Women acting locally in the Andes", and "Trans-national management (Drainage Basin of the Nile) and bio-regions for conflict."
:: Access the full publication: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001344/134430eo.pdf [PDF format - 5.46 MB]
Water and Ethics: Use of groundwater (Essay 7 in Series on Water and Ethics)
By Ramón Llamas. © UNESCO 2004
This essay is one of a series on Water and Ethics published under the International
Hydrological Programme of UNESCO.
It discusses the dangers of a simplistic approach to the issue of the sustainability of groundwater use and the need to treat each case as site-specific. Criteria are presented for the evaluation of proposed schemes of groundwater use and the ethical implications involved.
Ramón Llamas is a Professor of Hydrogeology in the Department of Geological Sciences of Complutense University in Madrid.
:: Access the full document: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001363/136322e.pdf [PDF format - 220 KB]
LINKS RELATED TO WATER USE
World Water Resources and their Use
This database, a joint State Hydrological Institute (SHI)/UNESCO product, is the first attempt to disseminate a comprehensive data set on global surface water resources, and water use for domestic, agricultural and industrial purposes. It also includes forecasts of expected water use until 2025 and a database of monthly discharges of selected rivers in the world.
Vital Water Graphics: Water use and management
This web page, maintained by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), has facts, figures and maps about: global water withdrawal and consumption, the evolution of global water use and industrial and domestic consumption compared with evaporation from reservoirs, freshwater withdrawal by sector in 2000, and global freshwater withdrawal (using country profiles based on agricultural, industrial and domestic use).
The WCA infoNET information system is an Internet-based integrated information platform which merges high-quality information resources and expertise. Itdirect access to publications, documents, data, computer programs and discussion groups, which provide the knowledge base, support and the global platform necessary for decisions on water conservation and use in agriculture.
Water Use in the United States
This website from the US Geological Survey (USGS) has information about the consumption of water in the United States in the field of public supply, domestic, irrigation, livestock, aquaculture, industrial, mining and thermoelectric power use.
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